Essence and causes of social conflicts
Suština i uzroci društvenih konflikata
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Social conflicts represent one of the basic social phenomena, and also a historical constant in human societies. Therefore, it has always attracted the attention of theoreticians and researchers. Writers from various fields of social sciences - philosophy, history, law, psychology, sociology military and strategic history, etc. - but also creators of various utopias on social harmony and eternal peace, have been discussing the nature of conflict, its causes, function, goals, its regulation and solving. Philosophers, ethicists and theologists have tried to justify or question it to see into its essence, to explain it as inevitability and evil, or as real social phenomenon. Hence theoretical thought on social conflicts has long history and wide range - from theological, ethical, biological, natural law and geopolitical teachings, to various versions of psychological psychosocial and social theories, game theories, and within them various versions of micro and macro theories of conflict. ...Nowadays, at the beginning of the Third Millennium, social conflicts, as one of the greatest socio-political and security subjects, have imposed themselves as a priority theoretical problem, due to the course of historical events in the XX century. The two world wars, revolutions, civil wars, Cold War, and a series of local wars between states, nations and religions took place in XX century while people were simultaneously overwhelmed with fear of nuclear holocaust and ecological disaster. Thus the attempt to determine the final causes of social conflicts and systematize them represents one of the priority subjects of socio-political and security thought even in the XXI century. Additional reason for that is the fact that in the XXI century the spending of several billions of dollars daily for more sophisticated armaments and maintenance of military force continued, as well as multiplication of ethnic interconfessional and parareligious conflicts and rise of radical ideologies (extreme nationalism, chauvinism, religious fundamentalism, terrorism classic and cultural racism). The aim of this paper is to get an insight into cultural, systemic, economic, ideological and socio-structural background that has created concrete social conflicts in the last decade. It simultaneously attempts to uncover involutive dialectic of transition of structural social contradictories into systemic crisis, including genesis and main factors of transition of crisis into conflicts. The paper will also attempt to tell crucial moments in genesis of social conflicts, their bearers and phenomenal forms.
U radu se nastoji pronići u determinante i uzroke društvenih protivrečnosti i sukoba koji su obeležili kraj drugog i početak trećeg milenijuma. Težište rada je na sistematizaciji činilaca koji se nalaze u pozadini najvećeg broja društvenih kriza i konflikata a koji se ispoljavaju kao različiti, suprotni i suprotstavljeni interesi i vrednosti. Analiza je usmerena i na sagledavanje šire istorijske, sistemske, idejne, socio-strukturne, političke i kulturne podloge na kojoj neposredno nastaju različite društvene krize i sukobi a koji su značajni sa stanovišta ugrožavanja bezbednosti.
Keywords:sukobi / krize / interesi / vrednosti / bezbednost
Source:Nauka, bezbednost, policija, 2008, 13, 1, 55-77
- Kriminalističko- policijska akademija, Beograd