Show simple item record

Parlamentarna vlada u Srbiji od 1888. do 1914. godine - između prava i politike

dc.creatorKrstić-Mistridželović, Ivana
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-21T16:12:04Z
dc.date.available2019-03-21T16:12:04Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.issn0354-8872
dc.identifier.urihttp://jakov.kpu.edu.rs/handle/123456789/851
dc.description.abstractThe paper analyses the institutions of modern constitutionality in the Kingdom of Serbia in the period since it became a parliamentary state by the adoption of the Constitution in 1888 until the end of the Great War which marked the end of its independent state development. The answer to the key question raised in the paper - what was the political regime of Serbia in that period - demanded the assessment of the parliamentary system established by the constitution of 1888 to be made after analysing the application of nominal constitutional solutions. The Constitution of 1888, as one of the most liberal constitutions in Europe, undoubtedly allowed the political life in Serbia to be in line with the standards of modern democratic European states of that time. On the other hand, the absence of certain social and political characteristics that constitutional theory deems necessary for the successful functioning of parliamentarism was in the contemporary Serbia the hindering factor in the construction of the liberal-democratic regime. It is precisely for this reason that the conclusion on whether the introduction of modern state institutions by the constitution of 1888 meant the establishment of a modern political regime in Serbia, stated in the paper, is based on the analysis of constitutionality and political institutions in the light of the relation between the nominal and the real. Under the powerful authority of the Crown during the rule of the Obrenovic dynasty, the Radicals experienced strong pressure from the monarchy. Starting from the so-called Timocka rebellion in 1883 until the May 1903 coup, they gradually gave up their program based on the idea of national sovereignty embodied through the Parliament with supreme power and comforted to the concept of parliamentary monarchy which promoted both the Liberals and the Progressives. The result was an agreement with the Crown and the other two political parties, giving birth to the Constitution of 1888. Only four years later, it was annulled by a coup d'etat provoked by the Crown, who had power still strong enough to resist the Radicals who persisted in building a party state, rather than a parliamentary regime. In the internal political life in Serbia after the annulment of the Constitution of 1888, until 1903, two main features were growing limitation of political freedoms with frequent coups, on the one hand, and a growing readiness of the Radical party for a compromise, on the other. The politics of compromise led by the Radicals chief Pasic resulted in separating and creating a new, Independent radical party in 1904. After the May coup the Constitution of 1888 was brought back to life with certain changes in electoral system which was tilted to the majority system as the Constitution of 1903, which returned the political system in Serbia in a parliamentary form. The several limitations that the parliamentary practice in Serbia experienced until the outbreak of the Great War were not the same during the whole period, but were enough to form a special model of the parliamentary system with the domineering Radical's interpretation of the principle of majority as its essence.en
dc.description.abstractU radu se analiziraju institucije moderne ustavnosti u Kraljevini Srbiji u razdoblju od kada je ona, usvajanjem Ustava od 1888, postala parlamentarna država do Velikog rata, čiji je završetak označio i kraj njenog samostalnog državnopravnog razvitka. Odgovor na ključno pitanje koje se u radu postavlja ‒ kakav je politički režim Srbija imala u tom periodu, zahtevao je, najpre, osvrt na razvoj ideje parlamentarizma u Srbiji, potom analizu nominalnih ustavnih rešenja i njihove primene u vreme kada je Ustav od 1888. bio na snazi, kao i poređenje političkih režima uspostavljenih u prvoj i drugoj fazi primene tog ustava. Zaključci o karakteru tog političkog režima, nesumnjivo, ne bi bili potpuno utemeljeni ukoliko bi se iz diskursa izostavilo razdoblje od 1894. do 1903. godine, tokom kojeg nije bilo uslova za parlamentarnu vladavinu pošto je, umesto suspendovanog Ustava od 1888, podlogu razvitka ustavnosti činio najpre Ustav od 1869, a potom Ustav od 1901. godine. Ustav od 1888, kao jedan od najliberalnijih ustava u Evropi, nesumnjivo je omogućavao da se politički život u Srbiji odvija u skladu sa standardima modernih demokratskih evropskih država onoga doba. S druge strane, nepostojanje izvesnih socijalnih i političkih karakteristika, koje ustavnopravna teorija smatra neophodnim za uspešno funkcionisanje parlamentarizma, bilo je u onovremenoj Srbiji ometajući faktor u izgradnji liberalno-demo­kratskog režima. Upravo je zbog tog, uočenog nesklada zaključak o tome da li je uvođenje institucija moderne države Ustavom od 1888. značilo i uspostavljanje modernog političkog režima u Srbi­ji u radu utemeljen na analizi ustavnosti i političkih institucija u svetlu odnosa nominalnog i stvarnog.sr
dc.publisherKriminalističko- policijska akademija, Beograd
dc.rightsopenAccess
dc.sourceNauka, bezbednost, policija
dc.subjectthe Constitution of 1888en
dc.subjectpolitical partiesen
dc.subjectassemblyen
dc.subjectgovernmenten
dc.subjectkingen
dc.subjectparliamentarismen
dc.subjectUstav od 1888sr
dc.subjectpolitičke strankesr
dc.subjectskupštinasr
dc.subjectvladasr
dc.subjectkraljsr
dc.subjectparlamentarizamsr
dc.titleParliamentary government in Serbia from 1888 to 1914: Between jus and politicsen
dc.titleParlamentarna vlada u Srbiji od 1888. do 1914. godine - između prava i politikesr
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dcterms.abstractКрстић-Мистриджеловић, Ивана; Парламентарна влада у Србији од 1888. до 1914. године - између права и политике; Парламентарна влада у Србији од 1888. до 1914. године - између права и политике;
dc.citation.volume23
dc.citation.issue3
dc.citation.spage267
dc.citation.epage286
dc.citation.other23(3): 267-286
dc.citation.rankM51
dc.identifier.doi10.5937/nabepo23-18161
dc.identifier.rcubconv_68
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://jakov.kpu.edu.rs/bitstream/id/2910/849.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record