Criminal and Disciplinary Liability of Physicians for Passive Bribery in the Hippocrates Affair
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Passive bribery under Art. 293 Par. 2 of the official Croatian Criminal Code is a crime of corruption, with which a number of primary care physicians have been charged. They have as responsible persons, received bribes to perform what they are already required to perform during the course of their own business or through their regular activities; in other words, they have received bribes from drug manufacturear to prescribe their own medications. Criminal proceedings, initiated against 364 accused physicians in the Hippocrates Affair are slowly concluding. Completed criminal proceedings, for now, ended with the 283 convictions, which were mainly the result of a settlement between physicians and the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organised Crime. However, for the physicians, the case is not closed, because after the final convictions, the Croatian Medical Chamber decided to conduct disciplinary proceedings to determine the unworthiness of convicted doctor. In this paper, t...he authors examined the responsibility of the physicians accused of bribery based on the Criminal Code, as well as other regulations and acts of the Croatian Medical Chamber which regulate the work of primary care physicians. An analysis of the final judgment in the Hippocrates Affair highlighted the sentences imposed and confiscated material gained through individual criminal offenses committed by physicians. In conclusion, the degree of the endangered property and its consequences are presented. Based on the investigationand analyzes of the situation, we offer de lege ferenda suggestions.
Keywords:accepting bribes / physicians / pharmaceutical manufacturer / Hippocrates Affair / corruption
Source:Revija za kriminalistiko in kriminologijo, 2018, 69, 2, 117-127
- Ministry Interior Republic Slovenia, Ljubljana