Classification of natural disasters between the legislation and application: experience of the Republic of Serbia
Gavrilov, Milivoj B.
Marković, Slobodan B.
Vasiljević, Đorđije A.
Vujičić, Miroslav D.
Article (Published version)
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The paper discusses the definitions of natural disasters and recommends the implementation of definitions and classifications of natural disasters in accordance with those decreed at the Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) and Munich Re insurance Company (Munich RE) for administrative use in the Republic of Serbia. For the Republic of Serbia, the issue of natural disasters is presented both through government documents (e.g. the Law on Emergencies and the National Strategy of the Protection and Rescue in Emergencies) and the survey of the frequency and typology of disasters. Significant discrepancies exist between older and more contemporary classifications of disasters in Serbia. They are especially emphasized in comparison to the CRED and Munich RE classifications and databases. This causes problems in the monitoring, recording and assessment of the effects of natural disasters. It is proposed that definitions be adapted and implemented into legislative and ot...her documents.
Keywords:natural disasters / classification / CRED / Munich RE / Serbia
Source:Acta geographica Slovenica-Geografski zbornik, 2013, 53, 1, 150-164
- Geografski Inst Antona Melika Zrc Sazu, Ljubljana